The presence of radon in your home can pose serious health risks, but fortunately it is simple to detect and easy to eliminate. A good radon mitigation system can provide the radon reduction you need to make the environment in your home safe for your family. Clean air is a valuable commodity and contributes to health and well being. Radon indoors is second only to smoking as a cause of lung cancer in America, so it is important to test your home and install a radon removal system if you detect high levels of the dangerous gas.
Radon and How it Gets Into Your Home
Radon is a radioactive gas that occurs naturally when uranium in rock, soil and water breaks down. Since air pressure in your home is lower than that in the soil around your home, the gas is drawn in through cracks in the foundation or through other spaces. Well water may also contain the gas, and you release it into the air when using the water for showers, laundry, dish washing and the like.
You cannot smell, see or taste this radioactive substance, so you must test your home to know if it has dangerous levels of the poisonous gas. You can purchase a passive testing kit from a hardware store or order one online. The kits are inexpensive and simple to use. You may want to hire a radon gas remediation testing professional if you prefer to have an expert determine the quality of air in your home.
If you conduct the test yourself, place the kit in the basement if you use it often. If you do not have a basement or do not spend much time there, put the kit on the first floor of your home. Place the kit in an often-used room other than a kitchen or bathroom. Put it in a spot at least 20 inches high away from outside walls where it will not be moved or exposed to drafts, high humidity or heat. When the recommended time has passed, reseal the package, send it to the address indicated, and you will receive notice of the results in several weeks.
A short-term test usually consists of leaving charcoal liquid scintillation, continuous monitor, electret ion chamber, alpha track, or charcoal canister detectors in your home for two days to three months. If the test will last for just a few days, shut windows and doors 12 hours before starting the test, and keep as much outside air as possible out of the house during the test. Radon levels typically fluctuate, so a long-term test will give a more accurate reading, but if you need faster results, use a short-term test and follow it with another short-term test.
Electret or alpha track detectors remain in your home for more than three months to perform a long-term test, which will give you a better yearly average radon level reading.
Active testing devices cost more than the passive kits and include continuous working level monitors and continuous radon monitors. They must have power to operate and typically give readings every hour along with an average reading for the entire operating period.
How to Achieve Radon Reduction in Your Home
If tests show that radon gas remediation is advisable, investigate various options to choose the best radon removal system and a qualified radon mitigation expert to perform radon reduction services for your home.
Your home's design and several other factors will determine the right radon gas remediation system to use for radon reduction. A radon mitigation contractor can study your unique situation and help you choose the best radon removal system.
The most common method of radon gas remediation is a system using pipes and a fan to pull radon from under the house and vent it to the outside. You can install this soil suction radon reduction system without making any major alterations to your home.
Sealing cracks in the foundation and in other areas can enhance this radon mitigation system's effectiveness. You can use the same type of radon removal system whether your home has a basement or crawl space.
Various systems for radon gas remediation may be better suited to supply a radon reduction solution for your home. A radon mitigation expert will perform a visual inspection of your home to design a radon removal system that works best with your home's specific features. The professional may also need to do diagnostic tests to determine how to construct the most efficient radon reduction system to meet your home's particular requirements.
Responsible homeowners take care of their property for the sake of safety as well as for efficiency. To continue receiving maximum effectiveness from your radon gas remediation device after installation, keep the radon removal system working properly by maintaining it regularly according to directions.